IGCSE Geography encourages learners to raise questions and to develop and deploy geographical skills, knowledge and understanding. This in turn fosters pupils’ interest in, and enthusiasm for, understanding the geography of the planet. Pupils will be given the opportunity to explore a wide range of concepts through the investigation of contemporary geographical issues affecting real people in real-life case studies.


IGCSE Geography is a 2-year course that offers pupils the opportunity to study a range of both human and physical geography themes as well as having the opportunity to complete a fieldwork investigation. The themes covered are economic activity and energy, coastal environments, urban environments, hazardous environments and development and human welfare. Learners will explore geography from a diversity of perspectives, including social, economic, cultural and political.


Paper 1 – Physical Paper

Paper 2 – Human Paper

1 hour and 10 minutes (40%)

Candidates answer 3 questions in total,

2 from section A and 1 from section B.

1 hour and 45 minutes (60%) Candidates answer 4 questions in total, 2 from section A, 1 from section B and 1 from section C.


· A wide variety of potential careers including (but not limited to): Town Planner, Geography Teacher, Meteorologist and Climatologist, Vulcanologist, Tourism Industry, The Foreign Office, Environmental Agencies, Resource Management

· A deeper and better understanding of, and tolerance for, people, places and cultures around the world.

· A desire to help look after our planet for the benefit of future generations.

Useful websites:

Edexcel International GCSE Geography (2017) | Pearson qualifications

Please click on the arrow for a detailed breakdown:

TopicLessonsAdditional DetailLength of time.Possible Symbol?Learner Attribute(s)
Economic Activity and Energy1. Employment Sectors 9 lessonsCurrency symbolsCaring
2. Economic changes overtime 
3. Factors affecting economic activity 
4. Positives and negatives of sector shifts  
5. The informal economy 
6. Population and resources  
7. Energy demand and production   
8. Sustainable energy  
9. Carbon footprint   
Coastal Environments1. Physical processes 17 lessons Knowledable
2. Wave types  
3. Erosional landforms  
4. Depositional landforms  
5. Physical factors affecting the coastline  
6. Human activities affecting the coastline  
7. Coral reefs location and characteristics  
8. Coral reefs under threat  
9. Protecting coral reefs  
10. Mangroves location and characteristics   
11. Mangroves under threat   
12. Protecting mangroves  
13. Coastal flooding   
14. Preventing flooding   
15. Hard and soft engineering  
16. Coastal conflicts  
17. Management strategy case study   
Fieldwork 1. Physical fieldwork – coastal environments 6 lessons Inquier
2. Human fieldwork – urban environments  
3. Unfamiliar fieldwork   
Urban Environments 1. Urbanisation and megacities  9 lessons Balanced
2. Problems with rapid urbanisation  
3. Urban land use patterns  
4. Urban challenges in a developed country  
5. Urban challenges in an emerging country  
6. Developments on the urban fringe  
7. Sustainable urban living in a developed country  
8. Sustainable urban living in an emerging country  
9. Key stakeholders  



TopicLessonsAdditional DetailColour CodeLength of time.Time Save Tips Integrated Skills Skills to be taught;Where?
Rivers1. Traffic solutions Mumbai (Settlement tidy up) and environmental impacts of urban sprawl   6 hours including assessment. Finish by 22/09 River on a map. Relief and height of land. Compass Directions (16 point) 
2. Formation og levees and floodplains and deltas.    4/6 figure grid reference Coasts
3. Causes and impacts of flooding Pakistan.  Straight line distance  
4. Opportunities of living near a river CS. Pakistan.   Curved Distance  
6. Management Strategies of riversCS. Pakistan.   Cross Section CW
    Contour Lines Industry
    Map Symbols Throughout
    Skecth Map CW
    Give brief descriptions of basic landscape features using suitable geographical terms (such as ridge, plateau, scarp, flood plain) and simple adjectives showing an appreciation of their nature (such as broad, flat, steep-sided, deeply cut, gently sloping)Coasts/Farming 
Weather and Climate 1. What is weather? Collecting weather data  11 hours including assessment. Finish by 27/10     
2. What is weather? Recording weather data     
3. Clouds and rain      
4. Climatic Factors     
5. Equatorial Climate     
6. TRF Ecosystem; climate, natural vegetation, soil and wildlife      
7. TRF Case Study: Borneo. Threats and management      
8. Desert Ecosystem; climate, natural vegetarion, soil and wildlife      
9. Desert Case Study; TBC      
Coursework1. Hypothesis/Aims/Geographical Theory   8-10 hours Finish by Friday 8th December.      
2. Methodology write up        
3. Data presentation cont.        
4. Data Presentation cont.        
5. Analysis        
6. Analysis cont.        
7. Conclusion       
8. Evaluation        
GCSE Mocks 2 weeks?         
Development 1. Indicators of development   5 hours. Finish by 26th JanuaryTaught in ‘lecture style’ to reduce time.     
2. Inequalities between countries      
3. What is globalisation and why is it increasing?KO      
4. Impacts of Globalisation       
5. Case Study: TNC (Boohoo)      
Food Production1. What are the different types of farming?KO All 5 hours. Finish by 9th February     
2. Farming as a system and Case StudyLake District, UK      
3. Food Shortages: Human and Physical Causes       
4. Case Study Sahel: Causes, Impacts, Solutions        
5. Assessment for Development and Food Production        
Industry 1. What are the different types of industry and their manufacturing components?KO all 3 hours.  Finish by 23rd FebruaryCould be HT Homework with green penned in lesson.    
2. What factors impact industry location?  Contour lines.   
3. Case Study: Pakistan      
Tourism 1. How and why tourism has changed over time?  4 hours. Finish by 8th March     
2. What are the different types of tourism and the positives and negatives of this?      
3. What is sustainable tourism?      
4. Tourism Case Study: Dubai      
5. Assessment of industry and tourism      
Energy 1. Energy sources and change in demand over time KO.  4 hours. Finish by 22nd March. (Spring Break)Potential time saver could be to set as homework as students cover this in science so have prior knowledge.     
2. Nuclear Energy: what, positives and negatives      
3. Advantanges and idsadvantages of renewable energy      
4. Case Study: Geothermal and HEP in Iceland      
Water 1. Water supply: how and factors affecting it   Set as homework over Spring BreakSpring Break/Eid Homework    
2. Solutions to water supply issues      
3. Case Study: Lesotho      
Environmental Risks1. What are the environmental risks?  3 hours. Finish by April 19th     
2. What is climate change and the impacts of it?       
3. Sustainable Development Case Study: Pearl River       





TopicLessonsAdditional DetailColour CodeLength of time.Possible Symbol?Learner Attribute(s)
Hazardous Environments 1. Types of hazard  12 lessons + 1 lesson for 12 markersVolcano 
2. Earthquakes  
3. Earthquake in a developing country case study   
4. Earthquake in a developed country case study   
5. Tsunamis  
6. Volcanoes  
7. Volcanic hotspots  
8. Volcano case study  
9. Tropical storm formation  
10. Tropical storm case study in a developing country  
11. Tropical storm case study in a developed country  
12. Living in hazardous areas   
Development and Human Welfare1. What is development?  11 lessons  
2. Natural factors contributring to development   
3. Human factors contributing to development  
4. Development indicators  
5. Patterns of uneven development  
6. Development case study   
7. Comparing development   
8. Reducing uneven development   
9. Types of aid  
10. Differing views on development   
11. DTM